Types of Baby Formula Guide

Discover the types of baby formulas that offer the precise proteins your baby needs.

Brought to you by Perrigo

Below is a chart of the standard types of infant formula available on the market. This chart shows overall categories based on main protein ingredients, which is how most formulas are categorized.

Routine Formulas

Cow's Milk Based Routine Infant Formulas (Including Tolerance/Sensitive Routine Infant Formulas)

Use

  • Appropriate for most normal healthy-term infants who are not exclusively breastfed
  • For otherwise healthy infants who may experience fussiness, discomfort, crying, spit-up or gas
    • For tolerance issues associated with intact or whole cow protein
    • For tolerance issues associated with lactose

Protein ingredients

  • Intact cow milk proteins (whey/casein)
  • Partially hydrolyzed (partially broken down) cow milk proteins (whey and casein)
  • Partially hydrolyzed protein formulas (partially hydrolyzed casein and intact whey)
  • 100% whey protein partially hydrolyzed

Soy Based Routine Infant Formulas

Use

  • For healthy full-term infants with sensitivity to milk-based formula
  • May be appropriate for infants with galactosemia or lactase deficiency
  • May be a vegetarian choice

Protein ingredients

  • Soy protein

Specialty Formulas

Hypoallergenic Infant Formulas

Use

  • For infants with documented cow milk protein allergy or other food protein allergies

Protein ingredients

  • Extensively hydrolyzed of free-amino acid protein sources

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Infant Formulas

Use

  • For premature infants or low birth weight infants; for use under medical supervision
  • For premature infants after hospital discharge to help support "catch-up" growth; for use under medical supervision

Protein ingredients

  • Intact cow milk proteins (casein/whey)
  • Partially hydrolyzed cow milk proteins (whey)

Special Medical Needs Formulas

Use

  • Special formulas for metabolic diseases
    • For infants with special dietary needs due to inborn errors of metabolism or enzyme deficiency; use under medical supervision

Protein ingredients

  • Includes infant formulas that are milk-based or amino acid modified (i.e., free of a certain amino acid such as phenylalanine)
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